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A shortcut to Grammar

A few terms in Grammar you should be aware of:

Will, Shall:         

Everybody shall die. Shall we come now?

The employees shall be on a monthly basis.

I will do it.

He will do it.

They will not come.  

(Now the recent developments in English allows you to use WILL on most occasions)

Would:           

I would like to go to America. I would like to tell you something. (Phrases)                        

Would you please do me a favour? Would you mind if I smoke? (Politeness)

If I were a bird, I would fly. (Hypothetical) Gandhiji would argue with Nehru.

He would smoke a lot before his death. (Used to) He told me that he would come (Tense Sequence) I would rather die, than beg

Should:

You should keep left. Should I be given a chance, I shall work diligently. (IF)

Have:               

I have a car. He has a car. They have a car. I had a car. I have had my lunch.

Has, Had:         

I have to get it now. I had to go to Kottayam. I had a haircut.

Do, Does:      

Lal doesn’t know English. Lal and Gopi don’t do Yoga. He does not smoke.

Did:

He didn’t go to church. Who doesn’t have a car? Do they practice yoga?

May:

Mammotty may come.

Might:

Lal might come. Lal might have come.

Can:                

I can lift an elephant. Could: I could not help him. Could you please put me to Miss. Mary? Could you please do me a favour? You could do that.            

Be:                 

Let it be like that. To be or not to be is the question. If Veerappan were the P.M., how nice It would have been!

Being:            

Being a trainer, I forgive you.

It being a holiday let us go for a film.

It is being painted.

Having:          

Having a car attracts overheads.

Having enough funds, he could sleep well.

Ought to:             

We ought to respect our parents.

Used to:

I used to smoke when I was in the Gulf.

Get:                       

She got married.

He got selected.

I’ve got it repaired.

I am getting lots of proposals.

Syntax:                  

Bachchan knows how to dance.

I know little Sanskrit.  

The rich have exploited the poor.

Everybody/ Nobody/ Each/Every/ Everyone knows English.

(Agreement of verb with Subject is important in English)

Adjectives:           

Humble Kevin is quietly leading a simple life in the midst of horrible hooligans,

Adverbs:    

great plotters, grandiose friends, regressive politicians and silly students.

Articles:                

An apple a day keeps the greedy doctor away.

I am going to the UK.

He is the man.

Hoarding will affect the availability of staple food.

The news is shocking.

Various Structures:

I wish I had a car.

He made me cry.

One of my Friends has gone to Calicut.

I look forward to hearing from you.

First come, first served.

The earlier the better.

It being a holiday, why should I come?

Little:

(Little, Few, Less, Seldom, Scarcely and rarely mean not enough.

(They are not totally negative.)

We know little about the origin of the universe.

Little knowledge is dangerous.

I have a little money for you. He hardly knows anything.

Few:

Few people attended the meeting.

Few have understood the Theory of lativity.

A few:

A few people attended the meeting.

The few:

The few people who had gathered there have also vanished.

Hardly:

Hardly anybody was there for the gathered there have also vanished.

Hardly anybody was there for the meeting.

Would have:

if I were there, the SI wouldn’t have beaten you.

Should have:

You should have told it to me yesterday.

Could have:

I could have helped you if needed.

Apposition:

Kevin, the innovative Magician, has a passion for novelty.

Gandhi, the renowned advocate of ahimsa, was assassinated.

Gerund:                    

Watching too much TV is injurious to health.

Eating meat will make you rude.

Phrases:

In the morning, at night, at home, in the long run. To my mind. In the meantime.

Idioms:

Let’s keep our fingers crossed. I am leaving for good. Sachin called it a day.

Collocations:

Let’s have lunch. Walking distance. In dire need. Pay attention. Ride a bike.

Complex Sentences:

She became the leader. Only because her father was assassinated.

As I have no wheels, how can I come for the meeting?

Compound sentences:

India is booming while the poor people are being exploited.

When Veerappan was after money, our bureaucrats are after power and money.

Has been:                    

He has been smoking for five years.


Have been:

I have been teaching English for he last 20 years.

(We have lived here for 20 years. This is correct) I had been working in the Gulf from 1976 to 1996. Gandhi had been assassinated.

Since:                   

I have been working since March, 08.

For:

I have been studying here for 3 months.

He has left for the US.

But for the fact that I am a woman, I should have hit him down.

Reported speech:     

He told me that he would come. I asked him whether he would accompany me.

Correlative Conjunction:                

Both Lal and Sal have come.

Either you go or I will. It is too heavy for me to lift.

The more you eat, the fatter you become.

Transitive Verb:        

Rahul killed a mosquito.

Intransitive verb:

Mr. Birdy died.

Birds fly.

Homonyms:

I saw the saw mill.

Ice is not good for eyes.

I saw a sewing machine.

Conditional Clause:  

If were you, I would have scored a 9 band.

If you cook, I will fast.

 

      

      

 

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