Unit 56

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The eye and the ear

Anatomy and Physiology of eye Overview

Risk Factors for eye Disorders

Disorders of the eye

  • Refractive errors
  • Legal blindness
  • Cataracts
  • Glaucoma
  • Retinal Detachment
  • Macular Degeneration
  • Ocular Melanoma
  • Enucleation and Excenteration
  • Hyphema
  • Contusions
  • Foreign bodies
  • Penetrating objects
  • Chemical burns

Eye donation

Anatomy and Physiology of ear Overview

Risk Factors for ear Disorders

Disorders of the ear

  • Conductive hearing loss
  • Sensorineural hearing loss
  • Mixed hearing loss
  • Central hearing loss

Cochlear implantation

Hearing aids

Ear Infections

  • Otitis media (Chronic and acute)
  • Mastoiditis
  • Otosclerosis
  • Fenestration
  • Labyrinthitis
  • Meniere’s syndrome
  • Acoustic Neuroma
  • Trauma
  • Cerumen and foreign bodies

List down and briefly explain diagnostic Procedures for the eye

  • Fluorescein angiography
  • CT
  • Slit lamp
  • Corneal Staining
  • Tonometry
  • Ultrasound
  • MRI
  • Diagnostic Test for the ear
  • Tomography
  • Audiometry
  • Electronystagmography (ENG)
  • MRI

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