Grammar Revision

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Will, Shall:         
  • Everybody shall die.
  • Shall we come now?
  • The employees shall be on a monthly basis.
(In modern English, WILL is used in most cases except on the above 3 occasions.
  • I will do it.
  • He will do it.
  • They will not come.
(Now you can use WILL on most occasions)
Would:            
  • I would like to tell you something. (Phrases)
  • Would you please do me a favour?(Polite expression)
  • Would you mind if I smoke? (Polite expression)
  • If I were a bird, I would fly. (Hypothetical)
  • If I had enough training, I would have got through IELTS with a 7 band score.
  • Gandhiji would argue with Nehru.
  •  He would smoke a lot before his death. (Used to)
  • He told me that he would come (Tense Sequence)
  • I would rather die, than beg (Preferences)
Should:           
  • You should keep left.
  • Should I be given a chance, I shall work diligently.
Have, Has, Had:               
  • I have a car.
  • He has a car.
  • They have a car.
  • I had a car.
  • I have had my lunch.
  • I have to get it now.
  • I had to go to Kottayam.
  • I had a haircut.
Do, Does, Did:      
  • Lal doesn’t know English.
  • Lal and Gopi don’t do Yoga.
  • He does not smoke.
  • He didn’t go to church.
  • Who doesn’t have a car?
  • Do they practice yoga?
May:               
  • Mammotty may come.
Might:
  • Lal might come.
  • Lal might have come.
Can:                
  • I can lift an elephant.
Could:
  • I could not help him.
  • Could you please put me to Miss. Rose?
  • Could you please do me a favour?
  • You could do that.            
Be:                 
  • Let it be like that.
  • To be or not to be is the question.
  • Be here.
  • Be good.
  • He should be here.
  • I will be there.
  • It should be done.
  • If Veerappan were the P.M., how nice it would have been!
  • Be at Casper Academy to be good at arts and science.
Being:            
  • Being a priest, I forgive you.
  • It being a holiday let us go for a film.
  • The classroom is being painted.
Having:          
  • Having a car attracts overheads.
  • Having enough funds, he could sleep well.
  • Their work has been fairly good. Having said that, I still think there’s room for improvement.
Ought to:             
  • We ought to respect our parents.
Used to:
  • I used to smoke when I was in the Gulf.
Get:                       
  • She got married.
  • He got selected.
  • I’ve got it repaired.
  • I am getting lots of proposals.
Syntax:                  
  • Bachchan knows how to dance.
  • I know little Sanskrit.  
  • The rich have exploited the poor.
  • Everybody/ Nobody/ Each/Every/ Everyone knows English.
(Agreement of verb with subject is important in English)
Adjectives & Adverbs :           

Humble Darwin has been quietly leading a simple life in the midst of horrible hooligans, great plotters, grandiose friends, regressive politicians and silly students.

Articles:                
  • An apple a day keeps the greedy doctor away.
  • I am going to the UK. He is the man.
  • Hoarding will affect the availability of staple food.
  • The news is shocking.
Various Structures:                
  • I wish I had a car.
  • He made me cry.
  • One of my Friends has gone to the U.K.
  • I look forward to hearing from you.
  • First come, first served.
  • The earlier the better.
  • It being a holiday, why should I come?
Little:                    
(Little, Few, Less, Seldom, Scarcely and rarely mean not enough. They are not totally negative.)
  • We know little about the origin of the universe.
  • Little knowledge is dangerous.
  • I have a little money for you.
  • He hardly knows anything. (Little Knowledge)
Few:                       
  • Few people attended the meeting.
  • Few have understood the Theory of lativity.
A few:                   
  • A few people attended the meeting.
The few:
  • The few people who had gathered there have also vanished.
Hardly:
  • Hardly anybody was there for the meeting.
Would have:       
  •  If I were there, the SI wouldn’t have beaten you.
Should have:
  • You should have told it to me yesterday.
  • I should have hit him down.
Could have:
  • I could have helped you if needed.
Apposition:              
  • Peterson, the innovative trainer, has a passion for English.
  • Gandhi, the renowned advocate of Ahimsa, was assassinated.
Gerund:                    
  • Watching too much TV is injurious to health.
  • Eating meat will make you rude.
Phrases:                    
  • In the morning
  • At night
  • At home
  • In the long run
  • To my mind
  • In the meantime
Idioms:                     
  • Let’s keep our fingers crossed.
  • I am leaving for good.
  • Priya called it a day.
Collocations:             
  • Let’s have lunch.
  • Walking distance.
  • In dire need.
  • Pay attention.
  • Ride a bike.
Complex Sentences:                   
  • She became the leader only because her father was assassinated.
  • As I have no wheels, how can I come for the meeting?
Compound sentences:
  • India is booming, while the poor people are being exploited.
  • When Veerappan was after money, our bureaucrats are after power and money.
Has been:                    
  • He has been smoking for five years.
Have been:
  • I have been teaching English for he last 32 years.
Had been:
  • I had been working in the Gulf from 1976 to 1996.
  • Gandhi had been assassinated.
Since/For:                   
  • I have been working since March, 08.
  • I have been studying here for 3 months.                             
  • He has left for the US.
  • But for the fact that I am a woman,
Reported speech:     
  • He told me that he would come.
  • I asked him whether he would accompany me.
Correlative:                
  • Both Kevin and Levin have come.
  • Either you go or I will.
  • It is too heavy for me to lift.
Conjunction:
  • The more you eat, the fatter you become.
Transitive Verb:        
  • Someone killed a mosquito.
Intransitive verb:
  • Gopal died.
  • Birds fly.
Homonyms:               
  • I saw the saw mill.
  • Ice is not good for eyes.
  • I saw a sewing machine.     

      

 

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