Skip to content

Posts from the ‘Nursing’ Category

Unit 69

Psychiatric medications

Briefly describe the indications,contraindications,side effects and nursing considerations of the following.

  • Selective Serotonin reuptake inhibitors
  • Tricyclic antidepressants
  • Monoamine oxidase inhibitors
  • Mood stabilizers
  • Anti anxiety or anxiolytic medications
  • Barbiturates and sedative hypnotics
  • Antipsychotic medications
  • Medications to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
  • Medications to treat Alzheimer’s disease

Unit 68

Crisis Theory and interventions

Crisis Intervention

  • Description
  • Phases of crisis

 Types of crisis

  • Maturational
  • Situational
  • Adventitious

Grief

  • Description
  • Types
  • Types of grief

End of Life Issues

Depression

  • Description
  • Types
  • Intervention

Electroconvulsive therapy

Suicidal behaviour

Abusive behaviours

Family violence

Child abuse

Abuse of older client

Rape and sexual assault

Unit 67

Addictions

Eating Disorders

  • Anorexia nervosa
  • Bulimia nervosa

Substance abuse disorders

Alcohol abuse

Alcohol withdrawal

Unit 66

Mental health Disorders

Anxiety

  • Description
  • Types
  • Levels
  • Interventions

Generalized anxiety disorders

Post traumatic stress disorder

Phobia

Obsessive compulsive disorder

Somatoform disorders

  • Conversion disorder
  • Hypochondriasis
  • Somatization disorder

Dissociative disorder

  • Dissociative identity disorder
  • Dissociative amnesia
  • Dissociative fugue
  • Depersonalization disorder

Mood Disorders

  • Bipolar disorders

Schizophrenia

 Paranoid disorders

Personality disorders

Cognitive impairment disorders

Psychosexual alterations

Unit 65

Models of Care

Milieu therapy

Interpersonal psychotherapy

Behavioural therapy

Cognitive therapy

Group development and group therapy

Family therapy

Unit 64

Foundations of Psychiatric Mental health nursing

Nurse client relationship

Therapeutic communication process

Mental health

Psychiatric-mental health illness

Coping and defense mechanisms

Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental health disorders

Types of mental health admissions and discharges

Unit 63

Immunological medications

List down the classification of Drugs 

Describe the Adverse effects

Medication for HIV and AIDS 

  • Immunosuppressants
  • Antibiotics
  • Immunisation

Unit 62

Immune Disorders

Introduction to Immune System 

Immune Response

  • T-Lymphocytes and B-Lymphocytes
  • Humoral Response
  • Cellular Response

Immunity

  • Innate Immunity
  • Acquired Immunity

Types of Hypersensitivity and allergy

  • Immediate, anaphylactic
  • Cytolytic, cytotoxic
  • Immune complex
  • Cell mediated, delayed

Anaphylaxis 

Latex Allergy 

Immunodeficiency 

Auto immune disease

Good pasture’s syndrome

Lyme Disease

Immuno deficiency Syndrome

Post-transplantation Immuno Deficiency

Brief explanation on laboratory studies

Unit 61

Musculoskeletal Medications

List down and explain the nursing consideration and adverse effects of  

  • Skeletal Muscle Relaxants
  • Anti-Arthritic Medications
  • Medications to prevent and treat Osteoporosis

Unit 60

Musculoskeletal System

Anatomy and Physiology Overview

Risk Factors for musculoskeletal Disorders

  • Injuries
  • Strains
  • Sprains
  • Rotator cuff injuries

Fractures and its types

Complications of Fractures

Fixation (Internal and External)

Traction

Skeletal Traction

Skin Traction

Balanced suspension Traction

Dunlop’s Traction

Casts

Brief Explanation on

  • Fractured Hip
  • Joint Dislocation and Subluxation
  • Herniation:Intervertebral disc
  • Amputation of Lower Extremity
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Osteoporosis
  • Gout
  • Osteoarthritis

List down and explain the diagnostic procedures

  • Radiography
  • Arthrocentesis
  • Arthrography
  • Arthroscopy
  • Bone mineral Density measurements
  • Bone scan
  • Bone or muscle biopsy
  • EMG – Electromyography

Unit 59

Neurological Medications

List down and briefly explain the nursing considerations and adverse effects of the following drugs

  • Antimyasthenic medications
  • Antiparkinsonian medications
  • Anticonvulsant medications
  • CNS stimulants
  • Non-opioid analgesics
  • Opioid analgesics
  • Opioid antagonists
  • Osmotic diuretics

Unit 58

Neurological System

Anatomy and Physiology Overview

Risk Factors

Neurological Assessment

Assessment of

  • Level of Consciousness
  • Vital signs
  • Respirations
  • Temperature
  • Pupils
  • Posturing reflexes
  • Cranial nerves
  • Meningeal irritation
  • Autonomic system
  • Sensory function
  • Glasgow coma scale

Care of unconscious client

Brief Description on

  • ICP
  • Hyperthermia
  • Traumatic head injury
  • Types of traumatic head injury
  • Spinal cord Injury
  • Seizures
  • Stroke
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Myasthenia Gravis
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Trigeminal neuralgia
  • Bell’s Palsy
  • Guillain-Barre syndrome
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • Encephalitis
  • West Nile virus infection
  • Meningitis

Nursing Care and Client positioning following Craniotomy

List down and describe diagnostic procedures

  • Skull and spinal radiography
  • CT – scan
  • MRI
  • Lumbar puncture
  • Cerebral Angiography
  • Electroencephalography
  • Caloric testing

Unit 57

Ophthalmic and Otic medications

List down and describe nursing considerations & adverse effects of eye medications

  • Mydriatics
  • Cycloplegic medications
  • Anti-infective eye medications
  • Anti-inflammatory eye medications
  • Topical eye anesthetics
  • Eye lubricants
  • Medications to treat glaucoma
  • β blocker eye medications
  • Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
  • Ocusert system osmotic medications
  • Medications to treat macular degeneration

Ear medications

  • Medications that affect hearing
  • Anti-infective ear medications
  • Antihistamines and decongestants
  • Local anesthetics
  • Ceruminolytic medication

Irrigation of the Ear

Unit 56

The eye and the ear

Anatomy and Physiology of eye Overview

Risk Factors for eye Disorders

Disorders of the eye

  • Refractive errors
  • Legal blindness
  • Cataracts
  • Glaucoma
  • Retinal Detachment
  • Macular Degeneration
  • Ocular Melanoma
  • Enucleation and Excenteration
  • Hyphema
  • Contusions
  • Foreign bodies
  • Penetrating objects
  • Chemical burns

Eye donation

Anatomy and Physiology of ear Overview

Risk Factors for ear Disorders

Disorders of the ear

  • Conductive hearing loss
  • Sensorineural hearing loss
  • Mixed hearing loss
  • Central hearing loss

Cochlear implantation

Hearing aids

Ear Infections

  • Otitis media (Chronic and acute)
  • Mastoiditis
  • Otosclerosis
  • Fenestration
  • Labyrinthitis
  • Meniere’s syndrome
  • Acoustic Neuroma
  • Trauma
  • Cerumen and foreign bodies

List down and briefly explain diagnostic Procedures for the eye

  • Fluorescein angiography
  • CT
  • Slit lamp
  • Corneal Staining
  • Tonometry
  • Ultrasound
  • MRI
  • Diagnostic Test for the ear
  • Tomography
  • Audiometry
  • Electronystagmography (ENG)
  • MRI

Unit 55

Renal Medications

Briefly describe the indications,contraindications,side effects,and nursing consideration of the following

  • Urinary tract antiseptics
  • Fluoroquinolones
  • Sulfonamides
  • Urinary tract analgesics
  • Anticholinergics-Antispasmodics
  • Cholinergics
  • Medications for preventing organ rejection
  • Hematopoietic growth factors

Unit 54

Renal System

Anatomy and physiology-overview

Acute renal failure

Chronic renal failure

Uremic syndrome

Hemodialysis

  • Description
  • Functions
  • Principles
  • Interventions
  • Access for hemodialysis
  • Complications

Peritoneal dialysis

  • Description
  • Contraindications
  • Access for peritoneal dialysis
  • Complications

Continuous renal replacement therapy

Kidney Transplantation

Cystitis-UTI

Urethritis

Ureteritis

Pyelonephritis

Glomerulonephritis

Nephrotic syndrome

Polycystic kidney disease

Hydronephrosis

Renal calculi

kidney tumors

Epididymitis

Prostatitis

Benign prostatic hypertrophy(Hyperplasia)

Bladder trauma

List down and briefly explain diagnostic Procedures 

Unit 53

Cardiovascular Medications

List down and describe the indications,contraindications,side effects and nurses responsibility in administering the following. 

  • Anticoagulants
  • Thrombolytic medications
  • Antiplatelet medications
  • Positive inotropic and cardiotonic medications
  • Cardiac glycosides
  • Antihypertensive medications
  • Peripherally acting alpha adrenergic blockers
  • Centrally acting sympatholytics
  • ACE inhibitors
  • Angiotensin II receptor blockers
  • Antianginal medications
  • Beta adrenergic blockers
  • Calcium channel blockers
  • Peripheral vasodilators
  • Direct acting arteriolar vasodilators
  • Antidysrhythmic medications
  •  Adrenergic agonists
  • Antilipemic medications

Unit 52

52 Cardiovascular Disorders

Anatomy and physiology-overview

Cardiac dysrhythmias

  • Normal sinus rhythm
  • Sinus bradycardia
  • Sinus tachycardia
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Premature Ventricular Contractions

    Bigeminy

 

 

 

COUPLET OR PAIRED PVC’s

 

 

MULTI FOCAL PVC

 

  • Ventricular tachycardia
  • Ventricular fibrillation

Management of dysrhythmias

  • Vagal maneuvers
  • Cardioversion
  • Defibrillation
  • Use of paddle electrodes
  • Automated external defibrillator-AED
  • Implantable cardioverter defibrillator-ICD

Pacemakers

  • Description
  • Temporary pacemakers
  • Permanent pacemakers

Coronary artery disease

Angina

Myocardial Infarction

Heart failure

Cardiogenic shock

Inflammatory diseases of the heart

  • Pericarditis
  • Myocarditis
  • Endocarditis

Cardiac tamponade

Valvular heart disease

  • Mitral stenosis
  • Mitral insufficiency
  • Mitral valve prolapse
  • Aortic stenosis
  • aortic insufficiency
  • Tricuspid stenosis
  • Tricuspid insufficiency
  • Pulmonary stenosis
  • Pulmonary insufficiency

Cardiomyopathy

Vascular disorders

  • Venous thrombosis
  • Venous insufficiency
  • Varicose veins

Arterial disorders

  • Peripheral arterial disease
  • Raynaud’s disease
  • Buerger’s disease

Aortic aneurysms

Embolectomy

Vena caval filter and ligation of IVC

Hypertension

Hypertensive crisis

List down and briefly explain the following diagnostic procedures

  • Cardiac enzymes
  • Complete blood count
  • Blood coagulation factors
  • Serum lipids
  • Electrolytes
  • BUN and blood glucose
  • BNP
  • Chest x-ray
  • ECG
  • Holter monitoring
  • Echocardiography
  • Exercise ECG testing(Stress test)
  • Digital subtraction angiography
  • Myocardial nuclear perfusion imaging-MNPI
  • Magnetic resonance imaging-MRI
  • Electrophysiologic studies
  • Electronic beam computer tomography-EBCT
  • Cardiac catheterization

Therapeutic management

  • PTCA
  • Laser assisted angioplasty
  • Coronary artery stents
  • Atherectomy
  • Transmyocardial revascularization
  • Arterial revascularization
  • CABG
  • Heart transplantation

Unit 51

Respiratory Medications

List down and describe the indications,contraindications,side effects and nurses responsibilities of the following

  • Inhalers
  • Bronchodilators
  • Anticholinergics
  • Glucocorticoids
  • Leukotriene modifiers
  • Inhaled nonsteroidal anti allergy agents
  • Monoclonal antibody
  • Antihistamines
  • Nasal decongestants
  • Expectorants
  • Mucolytic agents
  • Antitussives
  • Opioid antagonist
  • Tuberculosis medications
  • Influenza medications
  • Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine

Unit 50

Respiratory System

Anatomy and physiology-Overview

Chest injuries

  • Rib fracture
  • Flail chest
  • Pulmonary contusion
  • Pneumothorax

Acute respiratory failure

Acute respiratory distress syndrome

Asthma

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Severe acute respiratory syndrome

Pneumonia

Influenza

Legionnaire’s disease

Pleural effusion

Empyema

Pleurisy

Pulmonary embolism

Histoplasmosis

Sarcoidosis

Occupational lung disease

Tuberculosis

List down and describe the diagnostic procedures

  • Chest x-ray
  • Sputum specimen
  • Laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy
  • Mediastinoscopy
  • Pulmonary angiography
  • Thoracentesis
  • Pulmonary function test
  • Lung biopsy
  • Ventilation perfusion lung scan
  • Skin test
  • ABG
  • Pulse oximetry

Therapeutic management

  • Breathing retraining
  • Chest physiotherapy
  • Incentive spirometry
  • Oxygen administration
  • Mechanical ventilation

Unit 49

GI Medications

List down and briefly explain the indications,contraindications,side effects and nursing responsibilities of the following

  • Antacids
  • Gastric protectants
  • Muscarinic antagonist
  • H2 Receptor antagonist
  • Proton pump inhibitors
  • Medications to treat H Pylori infections
  • Prokinetic agents
  • Bile acid sequestrants
  • Medications to treat  hepatic encephalopathy
  • Pancreatic enzyme replacements
  • Medications to treat IBD
  • Medications to treat IBS
  • Laxatives
  • Antiemetics
  • Medications to control diarrhoea

Unit 48

GI system

Anatomy and Physiology Overview

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

Gastritis

Peptic Ulcer Disease

Vitamin B12 Deficiency

Bariatric Surgery

Hiatal Hernia

Cholecystitis

Cirrhosis

Esophageal Varices

Hepatitis A,B,C,D,E,G

Pancreatitis

Ulcerative Colitis

Crohn’s Disease

Appendicitis

Diverticulosis And Diverticulitis

Hemorrhoids.

Unit 47

Endocrine Medications

Unit 46

Endocrine System

Unit 45

Antineoplastic Medications

List down and briefly explain the indications, contraindications, side effects and nurses responsibilities of the following

  • Alkylating Medications
  • Antitumor antibiotic Medications
  • Antimetabolite Medications
  • Mitotic inhibitor medications
  • Topoisomerase inhibitors
  • Hormonal medications and enzymes
  • Other antineoplastic medications
%d bloggers like this: