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58 Neurological System

Anatomy and Physiology Overview

Risk Factors

Neurological Assessment

Assessment of

  • Level of Consciousness
  • Vital signs
  • Respirations
  • Temperature
  • Pupils
  • Posturing reflexes
  • Cranial nerves
  • Meningeal irritation
  • Autonomic system
  • Sensory function
  • Glasgow coma scale

Care of unconscious client

Brief Description on

  • ICP
  • Hyperthermia
  • Traumatic head injury
  • Types of traumatic head injury
  • Spinal cord Injury
  • Seizures
  • Stroke
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Myasthenia Gravis
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Trigeminal neuralgia
  • Bell’s Palsy
  • Guillain-Barre syndrome
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • Encephalitis
  • West Nile virus infection
  • Meningitis

Nursing Care and Client positioning following Craniotomy

List down and describe diagnostic procedures

  • Skull and spinal radiography
  • CT – scan
  • MRI
  • Lumbar puncture
  • Cerebral Angiography
  • Electroencephalography
  • Caloric testing
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