Skip to content

50 Respiratory System

Anatomy and physiology-Overview

Chest injuries

  • Rib fracture
  • Flail chest
  • Pulmonary contusion
  • Pneumothorax

Acute respiratory failure

Acute respiratory distress syndrome

Asthma

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Severe acute respiratory syndrome

Pneumonia

Influenza

Legionnaire’s disease

Pleural effusion

Empyema

Pleurisy

Pulmonary embolism

Histoplasmosis

Sarcoidosis

Occupational lung disease

Tuberculosis

List down and describe the diagnostic procedures

  • Chest x-ray
  • Sputum specimen
  • Laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy
  • Mediastinoscopy
  • Pulmonary angiography
  • Thoracentesis
  • Pulmonary function test
  • Lung biopsy
  • Ventilation perfusion lung scan
  • Skin test
  • ABG
  • Pulse oximetry

Therapeutic management

  • Breathing retraining
  • Chest physiotherapy
  • Incentive spirometry
  • Oxygen administration
  • Mechanical ventilation
%d bloggers like this: