TOEFL Reading

Overview of the reading section
. The Reading section tests your ability to understand reading passages like those in college textbooks. The reading passages are presented in one complete section, which allows you to move to the next passage and return to a previous passage to change questions or answers that you may have left blank throughout the entire section. The passages are about 700 words in length.

There are two formats for the Reading section. In the short format, you will read three passages. In the long format, you will read four passages. After each passage, you will answer 12-14 questions about it. Only three passages will be graded. The other passage is part of an experimental section for future tests. Because you will not know which passages will be graded, you must try to do your best on all of them. You may take notes while you read, but notes are not graded. You may use your notes to answer the questions. Some passages may include a word or phrase that is underlined in blue. Click on the word or phrase to see a glossary definition or explanation.

Choose the best answer for multiple-choice questions. Follow the directions on the page or on the screen for computer-assisted questions. Most questions are worth 1 point, but the last question in each passage is worth more than 1 point.

Click on Next to go to the next question. Click on Back to return to previous questions. You may return to previous questions for all of the passages.

You can click on Review to see a chart of the questions you have answered and the questions you have not answered. From this screen, you can return to the question you want to answer.
Although you can spend more time on one passage and less time on another passage, you should try to pace yourself so that you are spending about 20 minutes to read each passage and answer the questions for that passage. You will have 60 minutes to complete all of the passages and answer all of the questions on the short format and 80 minutes to read all of the passages and answer all of the questions on the long format. A clock on the screen will show you how much time you have to complete the Reading section. Review of Problems for the Reading Section

: A prompt for the Reading section is usually a passage from an undergraduate college textbook in one of the natural sciences, social sciences, humanities, or arts. The length of the passage is from 650 to 800 words. If there are technical words, they are explained in a glossary after the passage. There are either three or four prompts in the Reading section with twelve to fourteen questions after each prompt. When you are presented with three prompts, all three will be graded. When you are presented with four prompts, only three will be graded, and one will be used for experimental purposes. You should do your best on all four prompts because you will not know which of them will be graded.

: The problems in this review represent the types of questions that are most frequently tested on the TOEFL. They will appear randomly after a reading passage. Directions will appear with the questions, but if you already recognise the type of problems in the question presented, and you are familiar with the directions, you will save time. The less time you have to spend reading directions, the more time you will have to read the passage and answer the questions. The number of points assigned to each problem is based on the evaluation system for the TOEFL. The frequency level for each problem is based on the average number of thirty-nine questions that are usually included in a Reading section of three prompts.